THEORY OF MIND IN AUTISM
Author- Dr. Babita Gupta
The present study was designed to see the effect of a semi-structured intervention programme. This was based on the theory of mind technique for treating a child with autism. The programme was conducted in a playful manner with a flexible timetable in a home setting. A single-case design was used. The pre-assessment and post-assessment approach was done.
Pre-assessment results revealed that the child was unable to anticipate what others might think of their actions. They were unaware of the reason behind others’ actions, unable to negotiate, and were insensitive to others’ feelings. Thus, intervention techniques derived from all three parts of the theory of mind, (i.e., emotion, informational states, and pretend play) were performed during sessions.
Forty-five minutes sessions were administered, thrice a week for the period of 8 months. The home setting was continued as the child was responded inadequately to the clinic setting.
Post-intervention results revealed qualitative changes in the child’s cognitive and social-communicative skills. Results also revealed remarkable improvement in language, play, adaptive functioning, and the severity of the disorder.
Publication link – https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12646-015-0316-8
EFFECTS OF SOCIAL GAMES AS A THERAPEUTIC TOOL ON PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING AMONG PHYSICALLY DISABLED HORTICULTURE TRAINEES
( Person-centered therapeutic approach)
Author – Dr. Babita Gupta
Horticulture therapy has been used to promote physical health, mental health, and psychological well-being where a trained professional person could be a medium through which certain clinically defined goals can be achieved.
The aim was to study the effects of social games as a therapeutic tool based on person-centered approach to psychological well-being among physically disabled horticulture trainees. Settings and Design: One-group pretest-posttest design was done. A self-prepared psychological well-being checklist was used. Social games as a therapeutic tool were done based on person-centered approach by Carl Roger.
Subject and Methods:
The sample consisted of thirty unmarried mild-to-moderate physically disabled horticulture trainees at Horticulture Centre, Bangalore city, India. Participants were in the age range of 16–30 years, from low socioeconomic status, hailing from a rural background, and educated between VI and XII Std/level were selected for the study.
Statistical Analysis Used:
t-test was done.
The present study found a significant difference in the scores of the psychological well-being checklist after intervention among physically disabled horticulture trainees.
Postintervention results revealed improved reciprocal interaction, positive thinking, motivation, regularity for the horticulture course, and reduced anxiety.
It can be concluded that social games-based person-centered therapeutic tool on psychological well-being among physically disabled horticulture trainees is effective
EFFICACY OF MINDFULNESS (Based Cognitive Therapy on Dysfunctional Attitude among Psychosomatic Patients: Case Reports)
Author: Dr. Babita Gupta
The aim of the study was
a) to study the specific dysfunctional attitude among psychosomatic patients
b) to determine the relationship between dysfunctional attitude and severity level of psychosomatic disorder and
3) to examine the efficacy of body scan mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) in the reduction of dysfunctional attitudes thereby reduction in the severity level of psychosomatic disorders.
The hypotheses were carried out that
a) there is a correlation between dysfunctional attitude and severity level of psychosomatic disorders and
b) there is positive change after MBCT in the dysfunctional attitude and severity level of psychosomatic disorders.
Patients had been referred by a physician with a diagnosis of psychosomatic disorders at a private clinic, in Bangalore, India. Out of ten patients, six patients (4 male and 2 female) in the age range of 30 to 50 years, of a moderate socioeconomic status were randomly selected for the study. The Ex-post facto design was used. The pre-assessment and post-assessment approach was used. Dysfunctional Attitude Scale, Pathology testing, and Rating Scale of Symptoms of Psychosomatic Disorders- self-prepared were done. MBCT intervention was done. Qualitative and correlation analyses were carried out.
Results revealed that patients show specific dysfunctional attitudes such as perfectionism, vulnerability, and need for approval. It can be concluded that mindfulness-based cognitive therapy is effective in changing specific dysfunctional attitudes thereby reducing the severity level of psychosomatic disorders.
Publication link – https://ijip.in/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/18.01.051.20170501.pdf